1. BEHAVIORISM (Skinner)
Emphasize overt or observable behaviors.
2. COGNITIVISM (Piaget)
Acknowledge the importance of reinforcements (behaviouristic concepts)
3. CONSTRUCTIVISM (Dewey)
Learners construct their own reality (knowledge) and intepret it based upon their perceptions of experiences
HOW TO APPLY THESE THEORIES INTO TEACHING?
- Learning is enhanced as a result of reinforcement.
-Teacher should give a punishment and reward to students for their involvement in the classroom. In addition, teacher always need to repeat the important thing for reinforcement.
- Learning as involving acquisition or reorganization of the cognitive structures through which human process and store information.
-Teacher provides practices that can enhance and sharpen students' memory and the practice should has a lot of questions that need students to think.
- Learning should be situated in realistic settings (authentic).
-Teacher needs to constantly come out with new practices and new ideas that can generate students to think outside the box to solve particular problems. Teacher should let the students to discover their own knowledge.